LEWIS & CLARK, and THE RIVER OF NO RETURN WILDERNESS TOUR ~ July 08-17,2019
Explore hilltops and mountaintops (hikes optional)
Float (guided) down the Salmon River (options of oarboat, paddleboat, or kayak) 5 days camping in the wilderness
Straddle a source of the Missouri and Columbia Rivers
Travel by ten rivers play in four
Accomplish what Jeffy could not in his “Head & the Heart Letter”
Prepare Charboneau’s recipe Bou din Blanc on the river with “two dips, and a flirt”
Enjoy fine dining along the Clearwater River with music & optional dancing
Campfires, storytelling, laughter and stars
The Jefferson, Madison, and Gallatin Rivers meander to blend at THREE FORKS forming the “HERE-TO-FORE-ENDLESS MISSOURI,” becoming North America’s longest river at 2341 river miles.
NOTE ABOUT THE SPELLING OF SACAJAWEA’S NAME: Scholars like to call the native woman of the Expedition Sa-ca-ga-wea due to the spellings of Lewis in his journal keeping. To honor the Lemhi Shoshone, and the great, great grand niece of Sacajawea, who call her by Sacajawea, you will see this spelling during the rest of this Odyssey Tours website.
NOTE ABOUT THE LEWIS & CLARK JOURNAL WRITINGS: They are taken from the Nebraska edition of the Journals of the Lewis & Clark Expedition, edited by Gary E. Moulton. WHEN YOU CLICK THE LINKS you will be taken to the JOURNALS where you can read much more. DATES AT THIS LOCATION: L&C Corps JULY 24 - 29, 1805. ODY Tours July 08,2019
[LEWIS] JULY 28, 1805- “Our present camp is precisely on the spot that the Snake Indians were encamped at the time the Minnetares of the Knife R. first came in sight of them five years since. from hence they retreated about three miles up Jeffersons river and concealed themselves in the woods, the Minnetares pursued, attacked them, killed 4 men 4 women a number of boys, and mad prisoners of all the females and four boys, Sah-cah-gar-we-ah or Indian woman was one of the female prisoners taken at that time;”
Three Forks of the Missouri River
THREE BEAUTIFUL MEANDERING RIVERS JOIN TO FORM THE MISSOURI RIVER
You can only imagine the endurance and temperment of the men, of the Lewis & Clark Expedition pulling, dragging and slogging their way along these endlessly winding rivers hauling their declining cargo in canoes but not gaining distance hastily. So much happened at this location to the members of the Expedition before, during, and after their epic journey. For Sacajawea this is where she and Jumping Fish, five years prior, were abducted and taken to North Dakota by the Minatarees. Jumping Fish escaped. During the journey, this is where William Clark’s feet broke down, and George Shannon, the youngest member, on August 6, 1805, got lost for the second time of the journey. Corps members John Colter and John Potts returned to this spot in 1809 and were attacked by the Blackfeet. Pott was killed. Coulter was stripped and told to run. The first night of your tour, Coulter returns to share how he escaped. As the sun sets, sitting along one of the meandering rivers, Allen Pinkham will recite the Nez Perce Creation Story. Relax at this peaceful setting, as the moon rises in the distance. Later in week, you will visit the birthmark.
[LEWIS] JULY 28,1805 - “Both Capt. C. and myself corrisponded in opinion with rispect to the impropriety of calling either of these streams the Missouri and accordingly agreed to name them after the President of the United States and the Secretaries of the Treasury and state having previously named one river in honour of the Secretaries of War and Navy. In pursuance of this resolution we called the S. W. fork, that which we meant to ascend, Jefferson's River in honor of 〈that illustrious personage〉 Thomas Jefferson. [NB?: the author of our enterprise,]  the Middle fork we called Madison's River in honor of James Madison, and the S. E. Fork we called Gallitin's River in honor of Albert Gallitin.  the two first are 90 yards wide and the last is 70 yards. all of them run with great valocity and thow out large bodies of water. Gallitin's River is reather more rapid than either of the others, is not quite as deep but from all appearances may be navigated to a considerable distance.”
Sacajawea back with Clark, and the large party pulling canoes up the slow meandering river, recognizes the Beaverhead Rock formation in the distance
[Lewis] August 8, 1805 “the Indian woman recognized the point of a high plain to our right which she informed us was not very distant from the summer retreat of her nation on a river beyond the mountains which runs to the west. this hill she says her nation calls the beaver's head from a conceived remblance of it's figure to the head of that animal.  she assures us that we shall either find her people on this river or on the river immediately west of it's source; which from it's present size cannot be very distant. “
Lewis with a small party advanced ahead to the top of the Rockies, where they see and frighten away their first sighting of native americans, then finally meet their first Shoshone.
[LEWIS] August 13, 1805 “we had not continued our rout more than a mile when we were so fortunate as to meet with three female savages. the short and steep ravines which we passed concealed us from each other untill we arrived within 30 paces. a young woman immediately took to flight, an Elderly woman and a girl of about 12 years old remained. I instantly laid by my gun and advanced towards them. they appeared much allarmed but saw that we were to near for them to escape by flight they therefore seated themselves on the ground, holding down their heads as if reconciled to die which the expected no doubt would be their fate; I took the elderly woman by the hand and raised her up repeated the word tab-ba-bone and strip up my shirt sleve to sew her my skin; to prove to her the truth of the ascertion that I was a white man for my face and hads which have been constantly exposed to the sun were quite as dark as their own. they appeared instantly reconciled, and the men coming up I gave these women some beads a few mockerson awls some pewter looking-glasses and a little paint. I directed Drewyer to request the old woman to recall the young woman who had run off to some distance by this time fearing she might allarm the camp before we approached and might so exasperate the natives that they would perhaps attack us without enquiring who we were.  the old woman did as she was requested and the fugitive soon returned almost out of breath. I bestoed an equvolent portion of trinket on her with the others. I now painted their tawny cheeks with some vermillion which with this nation is emblematic of peace. after they had become composed I informed them by signs that I wished them to conduct us to their camp that we wer anxious to become acquainted with the chiefs and warriors of their nation. they readily obeyed and we set out, still pursuing the road down the river.
Reunited, the Lemhi Shoshone young women sang all the way to their camp
[CLARK] August 17, 1805 “I had not proceeded on one mile before I saw at a distance Several Indians on horsback Comeing towards me, The Intertrepeter & Squarwho were before me at Some distance danced for the joyful Sight, and She made signs to me that they were her nation, as I aproached nearer them descovered one of Capt Lewis party With them dressed in their Dress; the met me with great Signs of joy, as the Canoes were proceeding on nearly opposit me I turned those people & Joined Capt Lewis who had Camped with 16 of those Snake Indians at the forks 2 miles in advance. those Indians Sung all the way to their Camp where the others had provd. a cind of Shade of Willows”
Now that Sacajawea realizes the Chief is her brother. Chances are good the Corps of Discovery are about to get their horses.
Country of sacajawea’s
MUCH STILL REMAINS UNKNOWN ABOUT OUR NATION’S FAVORITE NATIVE AMERICAN WOMAN
Sacajawea has many names and spellings for her name. The Lemhi Shoshone and the State of Idaho call her Sacajawea. It is derived from the Shoshone word for her name, Saca tzah we yaa, meaning “to carry a burden”. The Hidatsa from North Dakota, where she was taken in a raid as a small girl, call her Sakakawea (meaning bird woman). Lewis spelled out her name in his journals, Sah-cah-gar-we-ah. Nicholas Biddle, a classical scholar working from the captains' original longhand journal entries chose to spell her name Sacagawea because the Mandan-Hidatsa's do not have a "j" sound in their language. Contemporary Lewis & Clark scholars have agreed to refer to her as Sacagawea. Her descendants call her Sacajawea. Her other names found in the journals are “the Indian woman", “Sharbono and his woman”, and “Janey”. Debates continue on her name, and still continue on where and when she died. No one knows exactly what she looked like.
The Beaverhead, fortunate camp &
the great divide -
Lewis and small party are met by about 60 armed and prepared to fight warriors
[LEWIS (cont.)] we had marched about 2 miles when we met a party of about 60 warriors mounted on excellent horses who came in nearly full speed,  when they arrived I advanced towards them with the flag leaving my gun with the party about 50 paces behid me. the chief and two others who were a little in advance of the main body spoke to the women, and they informed them who we were and exultingly shewed the presents which had been given them these men then advanced and embraced me very affectionately in their way which is by puting their left arm over you wright sholder clasping your back, while they apply their left cheek to yours and frequently vociforate the word âh-hi'-e, âh-hi'-e  that is, I am much pleased, I am much rejoiced. bothe parties now advanced and we wer all carresed and besmeared with their grease and paint till I was heartily tired of the national hug.
[LEWIS] August 13, 1805 “ I afterwards understood that the Indians we had first seen this morning had returned and allarmed the camp; these men had come out armed cap a pe  for action expecting to meet with their enemies the Minetares of Fort de Prarie whome they Call Pâh'-kees.”
In order to give Captain Clark time to reach the forks of the Jefferson, they resided at the Shoshone Camp obtaining what information they could with respect to the country.
[LEWIS] AUG 14, 1805 “they have only the bow and arrow wich is a very slender dependence for killing any game except such as they can run down with their horses. I was very much entertained with a view of this indian chase; it was after a herd of about 10 Antelope and about 20 hunters. it lasted about 2 hours and considerable part of the chase in view from my tent.”
Lewis worried, changes the origin of the note he left, and his clothing with the Chief. Lewis then gives the Chief his gun. Drewyer, McNeal, and Shields follow his example with clothing and guns, and Shoshone men.
AUGUST 16, 1805 - Meriwether Lewis, George Drewyer, John Shields, and Hugh McNeal become METAMORPHOSED int the American West
[LEWIS] August 16,2019 “ .. being now informed of the place at which I expected to meat Capt C. and the party they insisted on making a halt, which was complyed with. we now dismounted and the Chief with much cerimony put tippets about our necks such as they temselves woar I redily perceived that this was to disguise us and owed it's origine to the same cause already mentioned. to give them further confidence I put my cocked hat with feather on the chief and my over shirt being of the Indian form my hair deshivled and skin well browned with the sun I wanted no further addition to make me a complete Indian in appearance the men followed my example and we were son completely metamorphosed. I again repeated to them the possibility of the party not having arrived at the place which I expected they were, but assured them they could not be far below, lest by not finding them at the forks their suspicions might arrise to such hight as to induce them to return precipitately. we now set out and rode briskly within sight of the forks making one of the Indians carry the flag that our own party should know who we were. when we arrived in sight at the distance of about 2 miles I discovered to my mortification that the party had not arrived, and the Indians slackened their pace. I now scarcely new what to do and feared every moment when they would halt altogether, I now determined to restore their confidence cost what it might and therefore gave the Chief my gun and told him that if his enimies were in those bushes before him that he could defend himself with that gun, that for my own part I was not affraid to die and if I deceived him he might make what uce of the gun he thought proper or in other words that he might shoot me. the men also gave their guns to other indians which seemed to inspire them with more confidence; they sent their spies before them at some distance and when I drew near the place  I thought of the notes which I had left and directed Drewyer to go with an Indian man and bring them to me which he did. the indian seeing him take the notes from the stake on which they had been plased I now had recource to a stratagem in which I thought myself justifyed by the occasion, but which I must confess set a little awkward.”
Sacajawea reunites with Jumping Fish and her brother, who is now the chief. Lewis writes, “the meeting of those people was really affecting.”
[LEWIS] August 17, 1805 “Shortly after Capt. Clark arrived with the Interpreter Charbono, and the Indian woman, who proved to be a sister of the Chif Cameahwait. the meeting of those people was really affecting, particularly between Sah cah-gar-we-ah and an Indian woman,  who had been taken prisoner at the same time with her, and who had afterwards escaped from the Minnetares and rejoined her nation. At noon the Canoes arrived, and we had the satisfaction once more to find ourselves all together, with a flattering prospect of being able to obtain as many horses shortly as would enable us to prosicute our voyage by land should that by water be deemed unadvisable.”
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